World War I Army/Marine Division Rosters

Source: Library of Congress
This page will be updated as Army/Marine units are covered in WWI Profile posts on the blog.

Click on the Brunswick County veteran name on the rosters to view the NC World War I Service Card.

FamilySearch (familysearch.org) is a free site, but requires registration to view records.

Click on Wounded/KIA/etc to view the WWI Veteran Profile.

Source for Division Organization: Brief Histories of Divisions, US Army, 1917-1918

You can read more about the NC WWI Service Records on this NC State Archives blog entry.

Another State Archives blog entry is available that helps interpret the service cards. Definitions of abbreviations can be found here.

2nd Division

“Indianhead”
Organized October 1917 in France from troops of the Regular Army and the Marine Corps. The division was commanded by US Marine Corps generals twice during WWI, the only time in US military history when Marine Corps officers commanded an Army division. The 2nd Division lost more men, gained more ground, captured more guns and prisoners, and won more medals than any other American Division.

Organization:

3rd Division

“Rock of the Marne/Blue and White Devils”
Organized November 1917 in Camp Greene, NC. from troops of the Regular Army along with supplements from states. Earned their nickname “Rock of the Marne” after famously holding back the Germans on the Marne River on July 14, 1918, thereby protecting Paris. Their commanding officer cried, “Nous Resterons La” (We Shall Remain Here), which became their motto. General Pershing called this stand “one of the most brilliant pages in the annals of military history”.

Organization:

5th Division

“Red Diamond/Red Devils”
Organized December 1917 at Camp Logan, TX. The division was scattered throughout eastern and southern United States and not united until after its arrival in France. The division insignia was chosen as a red diamond with a white “5” in the center. After arrival in France, the “5” was removed. The 5th Division is also referred to as “The Meuse Division.” The 5th Division’s capture of the riverfront and points east was called “one of the most brilliant military feats in the history of the American Army in France” by General Pershing.

Organization:

30th Division

“Old Hickory”
Organized October 1917 at Camp Sevier, SC, from National Guard troops of TN, NC, and SC. Nicknamed “Old Hickory” after Andrew Jackson because of his historic connection between the three states furnishing the majority of the personnel. Insignia consists of the “O” and “H” from the name “Old Hickory” and three XXXs, the Roman numeral for 30. Served under British Army.

Organization:

Artillery never served with the 30th Division in France, but supported various divisions.

42nd Division

“Rainbow Division”
Formed in August 1917 with National Guard divisions stretched “over the whole country like a rainbow.” The division was created using units from 26 states and the District of Columbia. (The 117th Engineer Train was formed using the NC National Guard.) The rainbow became the insignia. Its initial design was a half arc, but later modified to a quarter arc to memorialize half of the division’s soldiers who became casualties during WWI.

Organization:

Documentation (some with rosters):
Johnson, Lieut. Harold Stanley (1917) “Roster of the Rainbow Division (Forty-Second)”. New York, Eaton & Gettinger, Inc. Printers.

Reilly, Henry J. (1936). Americans All, The Rainbow at War:Official History of the 42nd Rainbow Division in the World War. Columbus, OH: Heer.

Sherwood, Elmer W. (1929). Diary of a Rainbow Veteran. Terre Haute, IN: Moore-Langen.

Thompkins, Raymond S. (1919). The Story of the Rainbow Division. NY: Boni & Liveright.

World War I American Battle Monuments Commission (1944). 42d Division Summary of Operations in the World War. Washington DC: GPO.

  • 83rd Infantry Brigade
    • 165th Infantry
    • 166th Infantry: Roster
    • 150th Machine Gun Battalion
  • 84th Infantry Brigade
    • 167th Infantry: Roster
    • 168th Infantry: Roster
    • 151st Machine Gun Battalion
  • 149th Machine Gun Battalion
  • 117th Engineers: Roster
  • 117th Field Signal Battalion
  • Trains
    • 117th Engineer Train: Roster

Artillery served almost continuously with the 42nd Division in France.

  • 67th Artillery Brigade
    • 149th (light) Field Artillery
    • 151st (light) Field Artillery
    • 150th (heavy) Field Artillery
    • 117th Trench Mortar Battery

81st Division

“Wildcats”
Organized September 1917 at Camp Jackson, SC, from drafts of NC, SC, and FL. Nicknamed “Wildcats” in recognition of wildcats that inhabited southern states and after Wildcat Creek, which ran near Camp Jackson, S.C., where the unit was mobilized. Served under French Army. Insignia varied in color among units.

Organization:

Documentation:
81st Division Summary of Operations in the World War, US Govt, 1944

Artillery never served with the 81st Division in France, but supported various divisions.

  • 156th Field Artillery Brigade
    • 316th (light) Field Artillery
    • 317th (light) Field Artillery
    • 318th (heavy) Field Artillery
    • 306th Trench Mortar Battery

92nd Division

“Buffalo Soldiers”
Organized October 1917 at Camps Funston, Grant, Dodge, Upton, Meade, and Dix from National Army drafts from all parts of the United States. The division was assembled at Camp Upton, NY, in June 1918. Comprised of primarily African American combat units. Nicknamed the “Buffalo Soldiers” in honor of African American troops who served in the American West after the Civil War. Remained segregated until after WWII.

Organization:

  • 183rd Infantry Brigade
  • 184th Infantry Brigade
    • 367th Infantry
    • 368th Infantry
    • 351st Machine Gun Battalion
  • 167th Field Artillery Brigade
    • 349th (light) Field Artillery
    • 350th (light) Field Artillery
    • 351th (heave) Field Artillery
    • 317th Trench Mortar Battery
  • 349th Machine Gun Battalion
  • 317th Engineers: Roster
  • 317th Field Signal Battalion
  • Trains

93rd Division

“Blue Hat”
Organized December 1917 at Camp Stuart, VA. Comprised of two entirely African American infantry brigades. Served with French Army regiments, who gave them the nickname of “Blue Hat” due to the blue French helmets they wore with their American uniforms.

Organization:

  • 185th Infantry Brigade
    • 369th Infantry
    • 370th Infantry: Roster
  • 186th Infantry Brigade
    • 371st Infantry
    • 372nd Infantry

Source: Brief Histories of Divisions, US Army, 1917-1918

Depot Brigades

Training and receiving formations of the United States Army during World War I.

The role of depot brigades was to receive and organize recruits, provide them with uniforms, equipment and initial military training, and then move them to divisions as replacements. The depot brigades also received soldiers returning home at the end of the war and completed their out processing and discharges. Depot brigades were often organized, reorganized, and inactivated as requirements to receive and train troops rose and fell, and later ebbed and flowed during post-war demobilization.

Those soldiers drafted near the end of the war often were honorably discharged while in depot brigades. Some who died of disease were also in depot brigades at their death.

Special Engineer Services

Special engineer services for the US Army encompassed many duties including water supply, electrical-mechanical, camouflage, searchlight services, bridging, map making and reproduction, sound and flash ranging, light railways, road and quarry (Division Light Railways and Roads, or D.L.R. and R.), engineer research, geologic investigations, and many more.

Documentation:
United States of America War Office (1919) Historical Report of the Chief Engineer: Including All Operations of the Engineer Department, American Expeditionary Forces 1917-1919. . Washington DC: Government Printing Office

United States of America War Office (1919) Report of the Chief of Engineers: US Army, Part I. . Washington DC: Government Printing Office

Pioneer Infantries

The first Pioneer Infantry was formed at Camp Wadsworth, SC, on January 4, 1918. Pioneers were trained and armed for construction or combat, instantly available in any emergency.

2nd Division, 2nd Engineers

Name Co.
Pfc Walter S Brock B KIA 11/10/1918

2nd Division, 2nd Trench Mortar Battery

Name Btry
PVT Walter C Bennett C
PVT Paul W Cable C
PVT Jimmie Griffin B KIA 09/11/1918
PVT Charles S Haithcock C
PFC Eugene B Howard B
CPL George P McKeithan B
PVT Cecil Smith Pierce B DD 03/05/1918
Cook Frank R Proffitt D
SGT Charles F Rich C
CPL Archie F Thompson B
PFC Daniel R Walker C

3rd Division, 4th Infantry

Name Co.
Pvt James I Jenrette G Wounded 07/26/1918

3rd Division, 18th Field Artillery

Name Btry
Wag John H Singleton B

5th Division, 6th Infantry

Name Co.
Cpl Charles Byron Drew HQ
Pfc Barfie Randel Long M Severely Wounded 08/17/1918
Pfc John William Mills M

5th Division, 11th Infantry

Name Co.
Pvt Owen Ransom Mintz C Slightly Wounded 10/12/1918
Cpl Herbert B. Ward M KIA 09/12/1918

30th Division, 105th Ammunition Train

Name Co.
Wag Junius J Adams B

30th Division, 105th Engineers

Name Co.
Cpl Lawson D Ballard A Severely Gassed 09/29/1918
Pvt Henry W Cannon D Honorable discharge due to dependent relatives 03/15/1918
Pvt Harvey T Chadwick D Killed in Action 09/29/1918
Pvt Samuel P Cox A
Pvt Carl J Danford D Died of Disease 12/08/1917
Cpl George Harker Hewett A Severely Wounded 09/29/1918
Pvt Thedford S. Lewis D Severely Gassed 09/29/1918
Cpl Vander L. Simmons A

30th Division, 118th Infantry

Name Co.
Pfc Hardy W Russ HQ

30th Division, 119th Infantry

Name Co.
Cpl Mack D Atkins G Wounded 09/11/1918
Cpl Edgar L Ballard B Slightly Gassed 10/29/1918
Pvt Luther M Benton A Wounded 08/17/1918; 10/17/1918
Pfc John W Carlisle K Died of Disease 02/16/1919
Pfc Perry G Carlisle I Sick 10/31/1918
Cpl Joseph W. Chinnis I Transferred 01/29/1919
Cpl Calmer T Clemmons F Wounded 09/29/1918; 10/18/1918
Wag William P Comron/Cameron Sup
Pvt John F Cox E
Cook Henry B Danford I
Pvt Harry Lee Dosher G SCD 03/03/1918
Pvt Herman D Fulford L Severely Wounded 10/14/1918
Pvt Samuel G Fulford C Wounded 10/17/1918
Pfc James R Ganey MG
Cpl Elder E Heath I Severely Wounded 09/29/1918
Sfc Van G Mintz E Wounded 10/10/1918
Cook Alvah H Nance I
Cpl Lindsey Piggott B Severely Wounded 09/29/1918
Pvt Herbert Rabon I
Cpl Rufus E Sellers I Wounded 09/29/1918
Pvt Everet J Skipper I
Cpl George L Skipper D
Pvt Benjamin B Smith A Died of Wounds (Wounded: 09/29/1918) Awarded Distinguished Service Cross; British Military Medal 10/17/1918
Cpl Curtis L Smith G  Awarded Silver Star
Pvt Goodman Smith A
Pvt Percy A Smith H
Pvt Samuel C Swain C Died of Disease 01/07/1918
Capt Benjamin West
Pfc Albert W Williams M Severely Wounded 10/10/1918
Cpl Henry D Williams M

30th Division, 120th Infantry

Name Co.
Pfc Kinnie Benton H
Pvt William C Hewett C Died of Wounds  10/25/1918
Pvt Hanson H Leonard I Wounded  09/19/1918
Pvt Jesse J Leonard D Wounded  10/09/1918
Pvt Claudie H McCall Sup Died of Disease  04/13/1919
Wag George M Milliken Sup
Pvt Edward A Mills M Severely Wounded  09/01/1918
Pfc Erastus I Nelson C KIA  08/22/1918
Pvt Harry L Pigott M KIA  09/29/1918
Pvt Andrew J Robbins F
Pvt Byron Stanley I
Pvt Martin R Willis A

30th Division, 115th Machine Gun Battalion

Name Co.
2LT Wilbur R Dosher Resigned due to physical disability 03/05/1918
Pvt Cratie S Lewis C Honorable discharge due to dependent relatives 04/01/1918
Mech Marion F Williams C
Sgt Worth D Williams C
Pvt James E Wilson A

30th Division, 113th Field Artillery

Name Btry
Pfc Ralph T Davis B
Wag James Varney Gore Sup
Pvt Henry R Hewett E
Pvt Martin N Mintz HQ Gassed 10/29/1918

30th Division, 114th Field Artillery

Name Btry
Pvt Lingham F Bennett A
Pfc Hilburn B Evans A

42nd Division, 166th Infantry

Name Co.
Pvt David Bertram Frink K

42nd Division, 167th Infantry

Name Co.
Pvt Zade McLoud Williams G No NC WWI Service Record found. US Army Transport record used.

42nd Division, 168th Infantry

Name Co.
Pvt Marion Brown A
Pvt John Hillery Caison A Wounded 09/23/1918
Pvt Jesse Lee Fayette Inman A Wounded 09/29/1918

42nd Division, 117th Engineers

Name Co.
Cpl James R Potter A

42nd Division, 117th Engineer Train

Name Co.
Wag Joseph L Clemmons Transferred 09/27/1918
Wag Pearl Collum
Wag John B Cox Transferred 05/19/1918
Horseshoer James E Gilbert
Wag Erie J Gore SCD 10/10/1917
Wag David M Hilburn
Pvt John H Holden
Wag George Floyd Kirby
Saddler Josiah C Maultsby SCD 01/12/1918
Pfc William O McKeithan
Wag Dorman L Mercer Wounded 07/27/1918
Wag Joseph E Mintz
Mess Sgt Clyde Needham A Bugler at discharge
Wag Walter D Nelson
Wag Adrian Phelps SCD 10/10/1917
Wag Jackson B Potter
Pfc Vance Reynolds
Wag Herbert T Sellers
Pvt Oscar David Sellers SCD 10/10/1917
Wag James D Skipper
Wag Wesley W Skipper

81st Division, 321st Infantry

Name Co.
Pfc John W Evans MG

81st Division, 322nd Infantry

Name Co.
Sgt Henry L Clemmons F WWI Profile
Pvt Isaac F Edge C SCD 12/06/1917
Pvt Ransom Ennis Sup
Bglr Willie H Hewett F Wounded 11/10/1918
Cpl Luther J Inman F
Pvt James W Leonard K
Pvt Mack Leonard F
Pvt Simon A Lewis K
Sgt David H Long K
Pfc Fred McDonald C
Pvt James Rolland Mintz HQ
Pvt Luther P Reynolds HQ
Pvt Quince A Simmons D SCD 03/06/1918
Bglr William R Smith MG Wounded 10/15/1918

81st Division, 323rd Infantry

Name Co.
Pfc Charlie Brown G
Mech John P Dosher F
Pvt James D Evans L
Cpl Grover C Gilbert L
Pfc Harvey W Gray F
Pvt Albert Hewett F
Pvt Edwin W Jarrell Jr F SCD 11/22/1918

81st Division, 324th Infantry

Name Co.
Pvt Prince A Hewett F
Pvt Riley Austin Phelps K
Pvt Robert E Robbins G WWI Profile
Pvt Ernest L Robinson I
Mech Craven L Sellers I WWI Profile

81st Division, 306th Ammunition Train

Name Co.
Sgt Horace C Garrason Ord
Cpl Rothschild Holden G
Pfc Matthew Owens D
Pvt George Finnis Willetts E

92nd Division, 365th Infantry

Name Co.
Pvt William F Brooks H Died of Disease 06/13/1918
Pfc William J Gordon H Wounded 11/04/1918
Pvt Robert B Stanley H Wounded; POW 10/29/1918

92nd Division, 366th Infantry

Name Co.
Pvt Hilbert Baldwin L
Pvt Joseph R Burney L
Pvt James W Fair L
Pvt Willie Leak M

92nd Division, 317th Engineers

Name Co.
Col Earl I Brown

93rd Division, 370th Infantry

Name Co.
Pvt Dallas Fennel K
Pvt Primus Jones K

92nd Division, 317th Engineers

Name Co.
Col Earl I Brown

156 Depot Brigade: Camp Jackson, South Carolina

Name Co.
Cpl Thomas C Batson
Pvt James Cline Caison
Pvt Pender Carr
Pvt Forney A Hickman
Pvt French Hickman
Pvt William E Lewis
Pvt William Harrison Lewis
Pvt Willie V McLamb SCD 12/20/1918
Pvt William Roberts SCD 08/11/1918
Pvt John Hanson Roper
Mech Chesley Burgwyn Sellers
Pvt Bryant Sullivan SCD 09/11/1918
Pvt Frederick Arnold Willetts SCD 10/29/1918

161 Depot Brigade: Camp Grant, Illinois

Name Co.
Pvt Manning Hall Died of Disease 07/11/1918
Sgt John Albert McKoy
Pvt Jake McMillan
Pvt Willie Henry Williams

545th Engineer Service Battalion: Camp A. A. Humphreys, VA

Name Co.
Pvt David Williams D Died of Disease 03/18/1919

55th Pioneer Infantry: Camp Wadsworth, SC

 

Name Co.
PVT David D Beck K
PVT Benjamin K Caison K
PVT Julius H Clemmons K
PVT Lennox W Clemmons K WWI Profile
PVT Hiram Hewett M
PVT William A Hewett M
PVT William L Inman K
PVT Jacob M King K
PVT Elijah Milliken C Died of Disease 12/11/1918
PVT Sandy Milliken K
PVT Kendrick W Outlaw H Died of Disease 10/05/1918
PVT John T Watts H